For the 23rd edition of the IKS Conference, contributors are invited to address aspects related to:  


  • Small States and Security Dilemmas: A look into the future

A contested concept, the idea of a security dilemma has been explained through both realist and constructivist paradigms. A realist sees a security dilemma as emerging when an actor aims to increase his own security to the detriment of others. A constructivist looks at the role of different norms and intersubjectively constructed identities creating conflict. Few have, however, looked at the role of small states in contemporary security dilemmas. We invite contributors to interrogate what how the action of small states can challenge or improve upon the conventional understandings of the concept of security dilemma.


  • Enforcing Efficiency and Effectiveness in the 2020s Intelligence Organization

Commentators on intelligence matters have come to the widely-shared agreement that intelligence organizations are relatively rigid and their transformation to meet the permanently emerging challenges is sometimes slow and sluggish. Yet, given the advent of the information age and the trans-national character of threats, intelligence services are compelled to find new and imaginative ways to cope. We welcome contributions that can stir debates about the best paths and strategies that intelligence organizations can employ to enhance their relevance for decision-makers and the wider public in world characterized by disruptive innovation and violent change.


  • Privacy and Security Debate in Intelligence

In response to an era of unprecedented disclosures, scandals and demands for accountability regarding mass surveillance, a growing demand for a new social contract on reconciling privacy and security is emerging. How will the internet of things affect security & privacy? How willing will citizens be to negotiate the balance between individual security and privacy? Contributors are invited to inquire into what led to the demands for this social contract and how the boundary between surveillance and privacy could be settled in the future.


  • History of Intelligence: Days of the Future Past

If those who refuse to learn the lessons of the past are doomed to repeat it, then intelligence organizations, whose failures can bring doom to thousands or even millions, are in a particularly difficult position. Learning from history is a crucial way to avoid future mishaps. We invite speakers to explore some of the lesser-traveled corridors of history and to identify relevant junctures and decisions which led to success or failure, allowing us, with hindsight, to explain the consequences of actions and the causal mechanisms through which they occurred.


  • Data and Intelligence Analysis. Differences and Continuities

The emergence and proliferation of new concepts and working practices like big data and data science and the impact of technological advancements on the field of intelligence analysis imposes on intelligence organizations a need to integrate data analysis within the classical structured analytical techniques. This blend can provide decision-makers with high-quality products. We invite contributors to inquire into how up-to-date technologies help in the process of training and specialization of a new generation of analysts and how intelligence organizations should go about implementing them.